Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control found women are much more likely to visit the doctor for annual examinations and preventative services than men.
They also found men on average die almost five years earlier than women.
Heart disease and cancer cause the most deaths among men.
Studies have shown that men have fewer infection-fighting t-cells, and are thought to have weaker immune systems.
Doctors recommend all men should have regular blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol checks.
"The most likely thing that is going to affect a male is cardiovascular disease - heart attacks and strokes. And the groundwork for those illnesses start when we're young and then progress as we get older,” said Dr. Daniel Sullivan of the Cleveland Clinic.
This week is "National Men's Health Week." Doctors say it should raise awareness of preventable health problems.